Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC + THCA)
Tetrahydrocannabinol is the most well known cannabinoid and is responsible for the psychoactive effects of cannabis, along with many of the therapeutic effects. THC interacts with the cannabinoid receptor 1, which is found abundantly in the brain, and mimics our bodies own endocannabinoids, to create its effects. The CB1 receptor is involved in the body’s control of many physiological and psychological processes such as appetite, sleep, memory, mood and more. Because of the many functions of the cannabinoid receptors in the human body it is used by patients to treat a wide variety of symptoms.
Cannabidiol (CBD + CBDA)
Cannabidiol is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid which has many therapeutic effects. It interacts with the cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2) and also modulates the activity of THC. Cannabis with equal levels of CBD and THC may be better tolerated by patients who are negatively affected by the psychoactive effects of high THC varities.
Cannabigerol (CBG + CBGA)
The precursor to both THC and CBD, CBG may also possess medicinal benefits.
Cannabichromene (CBC +CBCA)
Another cannabinoid commonly found is CBC, it is also non-psychoative is being studied for possible theraptutic effects.
THCV is another psychoactive cannabinoid, which is simialar to THC.